Stress in Sentences
In a previous video, I talked about syllable stress in American English. English is a stress-timed language, which means some syllables are stressed and some syllables are unstressed. Take for example the word conversation. This word is 4 syllables, and the third syllable SA /seɪ/ has the most stress.
If I said this word by giving each syllable the same amount of stress, like this, conversation - I’d sound robotic, and you would have a difficult time understanding me!
We can talk about syllables in an individual word being stressed, but spoken English is not only single words. When we speak, we talk in phrases and sentences, and we will stress words within that sentence to give the sentence a rhythm or a beat. And only the important words get the stress.
Listen to this sentence and see if you can hear which words are stressed more than the others:
I spoke to him yesterday. Listen again: I spoke to him yesterday.
Which words were stressed?
Spoke and yesterday. Could you hear it? Listen one more time, and I’ll say the sentence slowly: I spoke to him yesterday.
It’s sometimes helpful to use the syllables DA-da in place of the actual words when you’re listening for stress. DA is for stressed syllables, and da is for unstressed syllables. So I’ll say the sentence again, using DA-da: I spoke to him yesterday, da-DA-da-da-DA-da-da.
In spoken English, we stress the content words of a sentence - the words that provide the most meaning. Content words include nouns, main verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and wh-words like who, what, where, when, and why.
In the sentence I spoke to him yesterday, spoke is the main verb, and yesterday is an adverb.
Listen to another sentence and see if you can hear the words that are stressed:
Let’s go - I’m getting hungry! Let’s go - I’m getting hungry! da-DA! da-da-da-DA-da!
The words go and hungry are stressed. Go is a main verb, and hungry is an adjective.
The kids are playing at the park. The kids are playing at the park. da-DA-da-DA-da-da-da-DA.
The words kids, playing, and park are stressed. Kids is a noun, playing is a main verb, and park is a noun.
Thanks for watching, and let me know if you’d like more help with stress in sentences!